Musandam – a governorate of Oman – is a spectacular peninsula ending with the Strait of Hormuz just a few miles from Iran. On one side it baths in the Persian Gulf, on the other in the Indian Ocean.
It offers unmatched sights over its natural beauty. Geological stratifications climb high and straight from the waters and provide a mountainous desert facing the sea, where several little islands lie and the gulfs host small beaches and very few fishermen settlements.
Because of its geographical position the sea streams are strong and visibility in the water is limited. A coral reef developed thanks to this streams which enter the Persian Gulf through the Strait of Hormuz from the Indian Ocean and the other way around.
Musandam’s sea water is rich of soft corals and, despite the local fishing activity, the variety of fishes and into the barrier is very wide.
There are hundreds of fish species living in the depths. Divers do not struggle to see turtles, rays, morays, lobsters and much more. In these waters you may also spot a whale shark or a leopard shark. Further from the coastline and in deeper waters there are hammerhead sharks and grey sharks, which unfortunately are threatened by the fishermen.
Water temperature goes from 20 to 30 centigrade degrees, ideal for diving all over the year. Personally, I prefer diving in winter because there is a better visibility, and also because the climate is more lenient. In summer, instead, outside temperature reaches 50 degrees.
Having such temperatures, a 5-millimetre diving suit is enough, while shoes and hood are advised for a better comfort.
There are only a few streets in Musandam and they don’t cover the whole governorate. If you want to get here for diving the best way is to leave from Dibba, on the Indian Ocean, right on the border with UAE’s state Fujairah.
From Dibba you can take a dhow – the traditional local boats – which are comfortable, spacious and well equipped for diving, although a bit barren.
There are about forty diving sites. The different experiences range from simple dives on the coast – depth up to 20 metres – to the most extreme in the middle of a stream, around the small islands, where impressive depths can be reached.
The whole Musandam peninsula is also a great place for birdwatching. Ospreys are often to be found and some times you can see their nests on the cliffs while sailing.
Where is Musandam?